According to an old adage, if someone tells you that it's not about money but about principles, most likely it's about money. A new study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B reveals that people quickly change their moral values according to the rule that means more money for them than for others. From that point of view, the current moral state in this country is a mix of the excellent and the poor. One reason to think that a relativistic view of morality could encourage tolerance is that it will also incline us to be more self-critical.
Participants assigned to be typists thought that equity was fairer and more moral, while participants assigned to be typists thought that equality was more just and moral. The key to maximizing prosperity is to increase the feelings of guilt that result from taking negative moral actions in order to make opportunism irrational. Thomas Scanlon, an even more moderate relativist, also defends the idea that one can consider the moral norms of another society as worthy of respect and, at the same time, have convincing reasons for preferring one's own. The most common types of ethical non-cognitivism in the 20th century are the forms of expressivism that view moral statements as expressions of evaluative attitudes.
Norms and values are relative to the culture from which they are derived, so any attempt to formulate assumptions that arise from the beliefs or moral codes of a culture must be to that extent detrimental to the applicability of any Declaration of Human Rights to humanity as a whole (American Anthropologist, vol. As it is prescriptive, many would say that what is described here is not really a form of relativism but is, rather, a position that implies moral relativism. Philosophers such as Gilbert Harman, David Wong and Richard Rorty who defend forms of moral relativism seek to articulate and defend philosophically sophisticated alternatives to objectivism. The decline of morality begins when people are unable to recognize the good from the bad, when the line that separates them becomes blurred, or when the bad becomes the new normal.
So when evaluating morality, the question is, are we good with each other? Do we treat ourselves and others with respect, prioritizing our own well-being and that of others? Do we care for and protect the vulnerable? In that sense, our moral state as a country is quite heterogeneous. These philosophical ideas prepared the ground for moral relativism, mainly by raising doubts about the possibility of demonstrating that any particular moral code is objectively correct. One answer that a relativist might offer to this objection is simply to accept the conclusion and insist that moral progress is a pipe dream; but this undoubtedly goes against what most people consider ethical common sense. According to emotivism, moral judgments express the speaker's feelings towards the thing being judged.
Therefore, the debate on moral relativism in modern times has not been an abstract discussion that only interests professional philosophers.